WJP Rule of Law Index: Tunisia up by 4 positions, now 54th | Tunisia News Gazette

WJP Rule of Law Index: Tunisia up by 4 positions, now 54th

Tunisia climbed by four positions to 54th (out of 113 countries) in the World Justice Project (WJP)’s annual Rule of Law Index for the 2017/2018 period.

The report ranked Tunisia as a stable country above average, as it topped Maghreb countries and ranked 3rd at the Arab level after U.A.E and Jordan.

Denmark topped the index.

The WJP 2017/2018 Rule of Law Index is the 7th annual report and measures rule of law adherence in 113 countries and jurisdictions worldwide based on more than 110,000 household and 3,000 expert surveys.

Featuring primary data, the WJP Rule of Law Index measures countries’ rule of law performance across eight factors:

1.Constraints on Government Powers:

In terms of constraints on Government Powers, Tunisia ranked 45th out of 113 countries. This factor measures the extent to which those who govern are bound by law. It comprises the means, both constitutional and institutional, by which the powers of the government and its officials and agents are limited and held accountable under the law. It also includes non-governmental checks on the government’s power, such as a free and independent press.

2. Absence of Corruption:

The 2nd factor measures the absence of corruption in government. The factor considers three forms of corruption: bribery, improper influence by public or private interests, and misappropriation of public funds or other resources. These three forms of corruption are examined with respect to government officers in the executive branch, the judiciary, the military, police, and the legislature.

Tunisia ranked 57th.

3. Open Government:

Tunisia ranked 60th in this facto that measures the openness of government defined by the extent to which a government shares information, empowers people with tools to hold the government accountable, and fosters citizen participation in public policy deliberations. This factor measures whether basic laws and information of legal rights are publicised and evaluates the quality of information published by the government.

4. Fundamental Rights:

This factor recognises that a system of positive law that fails to respect core human rights established under international law is at best rule by law, and does not deserve to be called a rule of law system. Since there are many other indices that address human rights, and as it would be impossible for the Index to assess adherence to the full range of rights, this factor focuses on a relatively modest menu of rights that are firmly established under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and are most closely related to rule of law concerns.

Tunisia also ranked 60th.

5. Order and Security:

Tunisia ranked 71st in this factor that measures how well a society assures the security of persons and property. Security is one of the defining aspects of any rule of law society and is a fundamental function of the state. It is also a precondition for the realisation of the rights and freedoms that the rule of law seeks to advance.

6. Regulatory Enforcement:

Factor 6 measures the extent to which regulations are fairly and effectively implemented and enforced. Regulations, both legal and administrative, structure behaviours within and outside of the government. This factor does not assess which activities a government chooses to regulate, nor does it consider how much regulation of a particular activity is appropriate. Rather, it examines how regulations are implemented and enforced.

Tunisia ended in the 53rd position.

7. Civil Justice :

This factor measures whether ordinary people can resolve their grievances peacefully and effectively through the civil justice system. It measures whether civil justice systems are accessible; affordable; and free of discrimination, corruption, and improper influence by public officials. It examines whether court proceedings are conducted without unreasonable delays, and if decisions are enforced effectively. It also measures the accessibility, impartiality, and effectiveness of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.

Tunisia ranked 73rd.

8. Criminal Justice:

Tunisia was placed in the 65th position in this last factor that evaluates a country’s criminal justice system. An effective criminal justice system is a key aspect of the rule of law, as it constitutes the conventional mechanism to redress grievances and bring action against individuals for offenses against society. An assessment of the delivery of criminal justice should take into consideration the entire system, including the police, lawyers, prosecutors, judges, and prison officers.

Source: TAP news Agency

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